Definition & Facts for Constipation in Children

What is constipation in children?

Constipation in children is a condition in which your child may have

  • fewer than two bowel movements a week
  • stools that are hard, dry, or lumpy
  • stools that are difficult or painful to pass

Your child also may tell you that he or she feels that not all stool has passed.

Some children have more bowel movements than others, so what’s normal for one child may be different from another child. Also, as children get older, their bowel movement patterns may change. Even an infant’s bowel movements change a lot in the first few weeks and months of life. Learn when to see a doctor for your child’s constipation.

Constipation is not a disease but may be a symptom of another medical problem. In most cases, constipation in children lasts a short time and is not dangerous.

How common is constipation in children?

Constipation is common in children of all ages. Almost 1 of every 20 visits children make to a doctor are because of constipation.1

A preteen girl is at a bathroom mirror with her friends.
Constipation is common in children of any age.

What are the complications of constipation in children?

Children who have constipation that lasts for a short time usually don’t have complications. However, avoiding or delaying a bowel movement may lead to

Complications of long-lasting constipation, especially in older children, may include


Last Reviewed May 2018
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This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Content produced by NIDDK is carefully reviewed by NIDDK scientists and other experts.