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Guillermo A. Arreaza-Rubín, M.D.

Photo of Guillermo A. Arreaza-Rubín
Diabetes and endocrine disease bioengineering and glucose sensing

Responsibilities & Activities

As director for clinical immunology of diabetes program and the technologies for the diagnosis and diabetes control program, I oversee a variety of research projects designed to improve diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of this disease. My responsibilities include a portfolio that includes the Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer Research (SBIR/STTR) program—which supports innovative research by small businesses that have the potential for commercialization—in areas related to immunology, diabetes, and other endocrine and metabolic diseases. These areas include drug discovery for diabetes and other endocrine diseases; new technologies for islet isolation, stem cell/regeneration, and transplantation; immune modulatory agents for the primary and secondary prevention of diabetes; inflammatory aspects of type 2 diabetes, and glucose control technologies. I oversee academic research on closed-loop systems/artificial pancreas development including the testing of novel glucose sensors and integrated pancreatic hormone replacement delivery technologies and a portfolio on cell replacement therapies. Also, oversee a new consortium focused on strategies to restore awareness of hypoglycemia in people with type 1 diabetes (IAH-C) including interventions with new technologies. In addition, I have been the program director for the Clinical Islet Transplantation (CIT) Consortium and the Clinical Islet Transplant Registry (CITR) and participate in the coordination of the human islet research network (HIRN) program as a program director for the consortium for modeling autoimmunity (CMAI) and the consortium on human islet biomimetics (CHIB). I represent the NIDDK on several trans-NIH and interagency working groups on metabolic monitoring, inflammatory processes, autoimmunity and medical devices development and performance surveillance.

Research Programs

Bioengineering, Biotechnology, & Imaging as applied to Diabetes, Metabolic, & Endocrine Diseases
Functional and metabolic imaging in adipose, pancreas and other metabolic organs

Clinical Research in Type 1 Diabetes
Determinants, etiology, progression, prevention, and treatment of type 1 diabetes in children and adults.

Diabetes, Endocrine, & Metabolic Disease Translational Research
Studies that translate scientific findings into practice to enhance human health of those with, or at risk for, metabolic disease.

Diabetes: Treatment, Prevention, & Complications
The Diabetes: Treatment, Prevention, and Complications Program supports both basic and clinical studies aimed at addressing the prevention, treatment and pathophysiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes across the lifespan.

Endocrine Pancreas
Biology, development, and function of the endocrine pancreas and clinical studies on islet transplantation for type 1 diabetes treatment.

Pathophysiology of Diabetes & Metabolic Disease
Whole body intermediary carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism, energy balance, thermogenesis and mitochondria biology in obesity and diabetes

Committees & Working Groups

  • Trans-NIH/FDA Medical Devices Research Interest Group, Member-NIDDK Representative
  • NIH/FDA Interagency Artificial Pancreas Working Group, NIDDK Representative NIH-Immunology Interest Group, Member
  • Mycrophysiological Systems Trans NIH-Working Group, Member-NIDDK Representative
  • Type 1 Diabetes Working Group, Member
  • Autoimmunity Working Group, Member
  • DEM and trans DK-Clinical Working Group, Member
  • Human Islet Research Working Group, Member
  • Steering Committee for the Glucose Monitoring Surveillance Program, Member
Last Reviewed March 2023